Archive for the 'japan' Category

(Lack of) English Word Wrapping in Japan

Thursday, February 5th, 2009

Here’s a pic of the information panel on a train a took in Tokyo while heading towards Shinjuku:

Notice how the words “suspension”, “service”, “trouble” (and the partially visible “Shinkansen”) were brutally split at arbitrary boundaries without any use of hyphen. While this is common practice for the Japanese language, it certainly makes it hard for English readers to scan the information being presented.

I can only vaguely remember early computing systems where editors didn’t do word wrapping (anybody care to refresh my memory?)

Emoji Encoding Conversion between Carriers

Sunday, February 1st, 2009

I remember reading about Apple supporting emoji on the iPhone OS 2.2. Now that I’ve upgraded, I decided to try it out but for could never find it after hunting through the keyboard preferences. Googling showed that these cute little emoticons are only available for Softbank users. Thankfully, Steven Troughton-Smith has figured out that by editing a file on your iPhone backup, the “emoji” option suddenly shows up under Settings -> General -> Keyboard -> International Keyboards -> Japanese!

Now that I have the ability to enter these emoji on my iPhone, I figure I’d try it out by sending an email to myself. Alas, all I get is a list of of boxes. Time to look at the message content (relevant fields):

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Emoji to be encoded in Unicode

Friday, January 30th, 2009

The Unicode Technical Committee is working on encoding emoji (絵文字) in the Unicode Standard and ISO10646. It has spurred loads of discussions on the Unicode mailing list with more than a handful of forked threads, leading to fundamental questions like whether we should even encode them, and what constitutes a character.

Not to worry, the Unicode consortium is a veteran when it comes to dealing with the hairy issues of creating standards that work across languages, cultures and geographic regions. They simply can’t please everyone.

To me, the motivation for this is clear — interoperability. The current state of affairs in the Japanese mobile industry leaves a lot to be desired: across the carriers, there exist different sets of supported emoji’s, different private-use characters, substitution mappings, and code pages (user-defined characters in Shift_JIS, really). As one can imagine, the results is chaos, and as I software engineer, I really don’t want to imagine what those poor software engineers have to do to make it “just work” when a message cross the carrier boundaries.

To illustrate my point, let’s look at what Google does when you send a message with some emoji characters from GMail to each of DoCoMo, Softbank, and au.

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On Mobile OpenID in Japan

Friday, January 2nd, 2009

This presentation by =zigorou (Toru Yamaguchi) titled “Considering OpenID for Mobile” (Thanks =peterd and =nat) is particularly interesting for me due in part to MojiPage as well as my dabblings in various OpenID implementations.

Knowing that mobile usability is an important topic for OpenID implementors and users, and the rest of world probably has a lot to learn from the Japanese mobile ecosystem, I decided to exercise my Japanese skills and extract some points out of the slides (no, I’m not going to, nor qualified enough to do a full translation. Try Google for that). Please note that this is merely a best-effort translation and any error you find is likely to come from my ignorance.

Translated version follows the actual presentation:

Mobile Openid
View SlideShare presentation or Upload your own. (tags: mobile openid)
  • Considering Mobile OpenID
    • Taking into account Japan’s unique mobile scenario, explore the feasibility and methods of implementing mobile OpenID
    • Investigate if the protocol needs to be modified
    • Look at ways to make use of mobile characteristics to enhance usability
  • Limitations and Characteristics of Mobile (Devices)
    • Technical Limitations
      • maximum URL length
      • Cookies support
      • IP address blocks and individual identification number (are we talking about carrier gateway IPs and identification headers?)
    • Device Limitations
      • manual URL entry – no way :)
      • manual ID/password input seems too difficult
  • Maximum URL Length — Carrier Restrictions
    • au
      • From Open Appli (Java)
        • Maximum 256 bytes and ASCII only
        • Since this is only for “Open Appli (Java)” stuff, this source may not be reliable
    • Summary: Assume 256 bytes
      • Surprisingly small – is that ok?
      • As for au, since source code is in Java, should assume at most 512 bytes
  • URL Length — Practical Observation
    • Logging in to pibb using myopenid (with SREG)
      • checkid_setup > 567 bytes
      • id_res > 921 bytes
      • checkid_immediate > 430 bytes
  • URL Length — Think Harder
    • UA is used for Indirect Communication, so we only need to consider checkid_setup/checkid_immediate, id_res/setup_needed/cancel
    • checkid_* authentication requests can be done using GET or POST. With POST requests, the URL parameters go into the request body.
    • id_res/setup_needed/cancel comes in the form of HTTP redirect, so GET requests only
    • Empirically: id_res parameters requires a combined size of 728 bytes + the URL endpoint itself.
  • Content Body Limitation for POST
    • According to ziguzagu: minimum 5KB (for DoCoMo PDC) => should be sufficient
    • we still need to solve the problem of indirect communication: id_res requires a lot of parameters
  • Tackling id_res
    • Basics: OP attaches the authentication result as query parameters to the return_to URL and redirects the UA to it. Do we need anything other than the following for signature verification?
      • openid.mode
      • openid.ns
      • openid.response_nonce
      • openid.assoc_handle
      • openid.signed
      • openid.sig
    • According to OpenID Authentication 2.0, Section 11 “Verifying Assertion”:
      • The following steps are taken
        1. Verifying return_to URL
        2. Verifying discovered information
        3. Checking the nonce
        4. Verifying Signatures
      • Are the first two steps absolutely necessary?
      • The basic goal is to verify the data from the OP via indirect communication, it might be good enough to verify signature + nonce in this step?
      • If we had the ability to verify signature in check_authentication, that might work?
    • Therefore, adding mode, signed, sig, response_nonce to the URL, we get 468 bytes!
    • Moreover, if we delegate everything to the OP, we only need response_nonce and op_endpoint => 289 bytes.
    • Conclusion
      • Minimize id_res as much as possible
      • If we have a method to ask the OP via direct communication (keying off response_nonce), that would work.
      • We could also obtain parameters like identity and claimed_id from the OP in the same vein
  • Cookie support in Mobile
    • DoCoMo doesn’t support cookies in the first place
    • au has separate secure/non-secure characteristics (?), and there’s a pitfall in using cookies in non-secure mode. (Translator’s note: Not quite sure what this means)
    • For Softbank, one cannot access cookies in SSL realm in non-SSL pages (much like the secure-characteristic operation)
    • Therefore, cookies are not quite useful for us
  • The way that mobile web security works (Translator’s note: heavily interpreted)
    • There are published IP blocks that each mobile carrier uses
    • Unique identification number for the device/subscriber can be provided to the sites (via HTTP header). Used with published IP block, this is an effective way to identify a returning user.
    • Generally, it’s better to obtain the subscriber ID rather than device ID
      • imode ID
      • EZ-number
      • x-jphone-uid
    • Instead of cookies, device/subscriber IDs are used for session management
    • The availability of device/subscriber ID also eases the login process considerably at the OP’s end (during checkid_setup/checkid_immediate)
  • What’s possible with Mobile OpenID
    • Unified identity for PC and mobile world
    • Possible ways to link the PC and mobile
      • enabling mobile to as your private information store
      • enabling mobile for settling payment
  • Summary
    • There are challenges:
      • Maximum URL length problem
        • First, URL length needs to be shortened
        • Still, without fixing the protocol, we could exceed the URL length limit => counting on =nat for OpenID Authentication 2.1 :)
      • Unique identification + IP — increases the convenience of using OpenID on mobile, but one must always remember to update the IP blocks lists.
    • Looking forward to more active discussions on Mobile OpenID next year